This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Some of this is appropriately attributed to such external factors as payment reductions, regulation, and the business practices of insurers.
Referral for any of these issues: These measures include flood mitigation works, appropriate land-use planning, improved building codes, and reduction or protection of vulnerable population and structures.
In most cases mitigation measures aim to reduce the vulnerability of the system.
Medical casualties can be drastically reduced by improving the structural quality of houses, schools and other public and private buildings. Although mitigation in these sectors has clear health implications, the direct responsibility of the health sector is limited to ensuring the safety of health facilities and public health services, including water supply and sewerage systems.
When water supplies are contaminated or interrupted, in addition to the social cost of such damage, the cost of rehabilitation and reconstruction severely strains the economy.
Mitigation complements the disaster preparedness and disaster response activities. The objective of disaster preparedness is to ensure that appropriate systems, procedures and resources are in place to provide prompt effective assistance to disaster victims, thus facilitating relief measures and rehabilitation of services.
The individuals are responsible for maintaining their well-being. Community members, resources, organizations, and administration should be the cornerstone of an emergency preparedness programme.
The reasons of community preparedness are: When transport and communications are disrupted, an external emergency response may not arrive for days; c Resources is most easily pooled at the community level and every community possesses capabilities. Failure to exploit these capabilities is poor resource management; d Sustained development is best achieved by allowing emergency-affected communities to design, manage, and implement internal and external assistance programme 2.
Disaster preparedness is an on going multisectoral activity. It forms an integral part of the national system responsible for developing plans and programmes for disaster management, prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
The system, known by a variety of names depending on the country, depends on the coordination of a variety of sectors to carry out the following tasks 5: Evaluate the risk of the country or particular region to disaster; 2.
Adopt standards and regulations; 3.
Organize communication, information and warning systems; 4. Ensure coordination and response mechanisms; 5. Adopt measures to ensure that financial and other ' resources are available for increased readiness and can ' be mobilized in disaster situation ; 6.
Develop public education programmes; 7. Coordinate information sessions with news media; and 8. Organize disaster simulation excercises thai test response mechanisms. The emergency preparedness and emergency management do not exist in a vaccum. To succeed, emergency programmes must be appropriate to their context.
This context will vary from country to country and from community to community.
Policy is strategic in nature and performs the following functions: The form of emergency preparedness policy varies from country to country. Six sectors are required for response and recovery strategies. These sectors are communication, health, social welfare, police and security, search and rescue and transport.
Personal protection in different types of emergencies 2 In addition to considering action by rescuers, thought must be given to personal protection measures in different types of emergencies.
Making people aware of what is expected of them in case of an emergency can make large difference to the organized management efforts. By taking precautions, the individual assists the collective effort to reduce the effects of an emergency. A number of measures must be observed by all persons in all types of emergency: In all the different types of emergency, it is better: FLOODS What to do beforehand While town planning is a government responsibility, individuals should find out about risks in the area where they live.
For example, people who live in areas downstream from a dam should know the special signals such as foghorns used when a cam threatens to break.Transformational leadership (TFL) has become a predominant leadership style practiced by leaders across many industries and disciplines, including nursing.
Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name. Send questions or comments to doi. Below is an essay on "External Forces Affecting the Nursing and Health Care Organizations" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, .
There were a number of different health care reforms proposed during the Obama srmvision.com reforms address cost and coverage and include obesity, prevention and treatment of chronic conditions, defensive medicine or tort reform, incentives that reward more care instead of better care, redundant payment systems, tax policy, rationing, a shortage of doctors and nurses, intervention vs.
The political power of nursing is of interest to numerous groups, including the many nursing organizations that advocate, at the state and federal level, for nursing and health care . Internal and external environmental factors affecting the performance of hospital-based home nursing care zation structure and organization culture) and the external.
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