In order to carry out correct behaviour—that is to say, correct in relation to the survival of the individual—humans have developed innate drives, desires, and emotions and the ability to remember and learn. These fundamental features of living depend on the entire brain, yet… Theories of development The systematic study of children is less than years old, and the vast majority of its research has been published since the mids.
A set of notes on the topic will be provided, and will include three bullet points. Candidates will be asked to select two of the bullet points and to base their essay on those two points. They should not attempt to discuss more than two of the points, as this will lead to the essay being less developed than required.
Candidates will also be asked to explain which of the two points is more important in a given respect, and to give reasons for their opinion.
Candidates will Two models of behaviour change essay given three short opinions related to the bullet points. They may, if they wish, use these to help develop their essay, but they should do so in their own words, as far as possible.
AN ESSAY is usually written for an academic tutor and may be a follow-up to an activity, such as attending a panel discussion or watching a documentary. It should be well organised, with an introduction, clear development, and an appropriate conclusion.
The main purpose of an essay in the Cambridge English: Advanced CAE Writing paper is to underline relevant salient issues on a topic, and to support an argument with subsidiary points and reasons. Use your own words. In the introduction, state the topic clearly, give a brief outline of the issue, saying why it is important or why people have different opinions about it.
Each new paragraph has one main idea, stated in a topic sentence. If you include a drawback, give a possible solution, too. Do not be too emotional.
Model questions and answers Essay 1 - Model question TASK Your class has attended a panel discussion on what methods governments should use to discourage the use of private cars in the centre of the city. You have made the notes below.
You should explain which method you think is more important for governments to consider, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed in the discussion but you should use your own words as far as possible.
Write your essay in words in an appropriate style. Essay 1 - Model answer Too much traffic is a major headache for everyone in the city due to the noise, pollution and, of course, terrible delays during the rush hour. How can the government reduce traffic and dissuade people from driving their cars into the centre every day?
In this essay, I will discuss two possible approaches to this pressing yet complex issue. Compared to the high cost of significantly upgrading our public transport system, advertising is relatively low-cost and straightforward to implement.
On the other hand, it is difficult to gauge the effectiveness of such campaign in advance because it relies on individuals changing their ingrained habits.
A second alternative would be to levy a tax on parking in the city.
This could be applied both to businesses and directly to consumers. While it is true that this would have immediate gains in revenue and change behaviour, taxes are unpopular and could also place unfair pressure on small businesses and individuals who do not have other transport options for work.
In my view, a multi-faceted education campaign would be the most effective starting point. In the future, a tax could be a possible option but it would be tolerated better once citizens are educated about the benefits of fewer cars and a more pedestrianised centre.
You should explain which action you think is more important, giving reasons to support your opinion. You may, if you wish, make use of the opinions expressed during the discussion but you should use your own words as far as possible. Essay 2 - Model answer We often hear about the many benefits of health and fitness.
However, less often do we hear concrete suggestions for how to improve participation rates, particularly among young people.
In this essay I will discuss two possible actions that governments could focus on in order to promote health and fitness to youth today. The first possible action is to improve physical education teaching in schools.
Local students have at times complained that the curriculum is rigid and emphasises repetitive activities instead of team sports and enjoyment. Better role models and more adventurous options could lead to improved attitude and participation.
Naturally, employing specialist sports teachers would incur considerable cost. A second option would be to attempt to change the overly competitive attitudes that seem ingrained in many of the sports competitions for youngsters.
When adults such as parents and teachers focus on winning above having a good time, it puts undue pressure on the participants.At the end of June, Mark Zuckerberg announced that Facebook had hit a new level: two billion monthly active users.
That number, the company’s preferred ‘metric’ when measuring its own size, means two billion different people used Facebook in the preceding month. The model answer below is for an IELTS cause and solution essay in writing task 2 on the topic of crime and punishment.
Many offenders commit more crimes after serving the first punishment. Communication: Communication, the exchange of meanings between individuals through a common system of symbols. This article treats the functions, types, and psychology of communication.
For a treatment of animal communication, see animal behaviour. For further treatment of the basic components and techniques of. Discuss two effects of the environment on physiological processes. Introduction. State what you are doing in the essay/Introduce Topic ; This essay will attempt to offer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors and hypotheses on two effects of the environment on physiological processes, supported by research studies which investigate both effects.
Numerical ice sheet models are used to understand the driving forces behind changes observed in ice sheets and to predict future ice sheet behaviour. Advocacy Stop Raising Awareness Already.
Too many organizations concentrate on raising awareness about an issue—such as the danger of eating disorders or loss of natural habitat—without knowing how to translate that awareness into action, by getting people to change their behavior or act on their beliefs.