However, they are allowed to marry blood relatives, for example the children of a brother and sister can marry because they would be from different clans. This is traditionally only a symbolic kidnapping: It should be noted that this is an old tradition that is rarely practiced today in many Western Nations.
The Hmong pronounced hmung with a very soft h in the United States are a relatively small southeast Asian minority group who began living here at the close of the Vietnam war.
Due to their unique cultural beliefs and indigenous practices, Hmong refugees settled in the United States often present a unique set of challenges to healthcare professionals.
As a people, their adaptation to our western model of healthcare delivery is often slow, hindered by particularly strong traditional beliefs, culturally-based patterns of communication, limited English proficiency, and a deep distrust of governments.
Their history as a marginalized people fleeing persecution as war refugees has made them an insular people.
Indeed, history has taught them to mistrust outsiders and large impersonal institutions, i. An Important History Note: The United States finally gave the Hmong preferential refugee status in the early s.
There are an estimated 6, in China,in Vietnam,in Laos, and betweenandin the US. Colorado was sixth on the list with an estimated 3, Hmong.
The average Hmong household size was 6 persons compared to the average overall US population household size of 2. Many combine belief systems.
The Hmong have their own language, called Hmoob Hmong in English. It has many dialects.
Religion: Though an estimated 70% still practice traditional Hmong religion, a significant number are Christians. Many combine belief systems. 5 Many combine belief systems. 5 Language & Dialects: The Hmong have their own language, called Hmoob (Hmong in English). Traditional Hmong marriage involves elaborate preparation, a symbolic ceremony, and huge banquets. Depending upon the affluence of the families involved, the wedding can last anywhere from one to . practices of the traditional Hmong kinship, marriage and family systems after living in the United States for more than 18 years. As the Hmong-American families, in general.
However, most Hmong speak either white or green Hmong, referencing the colors in their traditional clothing. The green is sometimes called blue. These dialects are different in the way, for example, that British and American English are different.
Hmong language was not a written language until the late s when Christian missionaries came up with a writing system that allowed translation of the Bible. The Hmong language has few medical terms. Older Hmong may tend to use metaphor when expressing themselves, and this can make it difficult for healthcare professionals in the US to understand them without a capable interpreter.
The central unit of political and social organization in Hmong communities is the clan. Clans are determined by ancestral lineage great, great grandfather and which traditional ceremonies they practice. If families practice the same ceremonies, then they probably belong to the same ancestor.
Mutual assistance is expected between clan members.
Family Dynamics and Healthcare Role of Father: In traditional families, the father is the head of the household. When healthcare professionals encounter a more acculturated Hmong family in the U. Traditionally, Hmong mothers nurture and take care of the children. They are responsible for the household.
Succeeding generations are giving Hmong women increased respect outside the domestic realm. It is often women who will converse with healthcare providers, but men usually will make decisions related to healthcare.
Role of Elderly Hmong: The elderly get the most respect of all members of the family and are consulted when important decisions need to be made. They help discipline the younger children. The elderly remain with the family throughout their life.
Grandmothers may or may not actually be present during healthcare visits, but they typically make key decisions about managing illness in the family. Each clan has a leader. All adult members of a Hmong clan help in selecting their leaders; a leader must be deemed honest, respectful, and capable of making wise decisions.
The leader helps make important decisions whenever there is a problem, such as a divorce, illness, or death in the family. The leader is often the person in the clan who decides whether to go forward with a surgery or whether to resuscitate a patient.
He calls people together to discuss issues and then he informs the clan members of his decision. Many clan leaders are very powerful indeed. A clan leader is often assisted in decision-making by a religious leader called a shaman.
Some Hmong shamans are very powerful.
They may make the decisions related to spiritual healing. The book The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down is an excellent resource for understanding the clan dynamics in healthcare situations involving a sick child."Marriage is considered vital in every Hmong person's life and is the basis for establishing ties with other family groups."  Hmong men traditionally chose a bride from another clan, with the man's father arranging the marriage.
Sweeney, Willa, "Victims of Poverty and Gender Roles: The Marriage Practices, Gender-based Violence, and Trafficking That Hmong Women Face in Their Daily Lives’" (). Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection.
practices of the traditional Hmong kinship, marriage and family systems after living in the United States for more than 18 years. As the Hmong-American families, in general. THE HMONG CULTURE: KINSHIP, MARRIAGE & FAMILY SYSTEMS By Teng Moua A Research Paper Hmong people in the United States currently.
Therefore, it will not cover all the practices of the traditional Hmong kinship, marriage and .
First of all, Hmongs who follow the old traditions are most likely to believe in shamanism. This means that going to the doctor would actually be their last resort. (1) 1. Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota.
Health On the Net Foundation.
By Elizabeth Lee, Paralegal I have only been working here for about a year but have come to realize what a tremendous benefit family law legal advice can have in a Hmong family. It can help some people feel like they have a voice. It can help divorced parents have a fair portion of time with their children. Most importantly, it can open the doors for erasing the gender bias that exists within. Cosmology And The Cycle Of Life: Hmong View Of Birth, Death And Gender In A Mountain Village In Northern Thailand, PhD dissertation, Brown University. Schriever, S.H. (). “Comparison of Beliefs and Practices of Ethnic Viet and Lao Hmong Concerning Illness. First of all, Hmongs who follow the old traditions are most likely to believe in shamanism. This means that going to the doctor would actually be their last resort. (1) 1. Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota. Health On the Net Foundation. 4 September Web. 2 July Bibliography: Hillmer, Paul. A People's History of the Hmong.
4 September Web. 2 July Bibliography: Hillmer, Paul. A People's History of the Hmong. According to Fresno State Linguistics Professor Dr.
Kao-Ly Yang, who also heads up Fresno State's new Hmong Studies program, nearly 40, Hmong people live in the Fresno area. Living in America, continuing traditional Hmong rituals including, for some, underage arranged marriage which is not recognized by the courts and is not legally .