Visit Website Constitutional Origins The Constitutional Convention of considered several methods of electing the President, including selection by Congress, by the governors of the states, by the state legislatures, by a special group of Members of Congress chosen by lot, and by direct popular election. Late in the convention, the matter was referred to the Committee of Eleven on Postponed Matters, which devised the electoral college system in its original form. This plan, which met with widespread approval by the delegates, was incorporated into the final document with only minor changes. Constitution, Article II, section 1.
Each state has as many "electors" in the Electoral College as it has Representatives and Senators in the United States Congress, and the District of Columbia has three electors.
When voters go to the polls in a Presidential election, they actually are voting for the slate of electors vowing to cast their ballots for that ticket in the Electoral College. Electors Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the plurality in that state.
After state election officials certify the popular vote of each state, the winning slate of electors meet in the state capital and cast two ballots—one for Vice President and one for President. House of Representatives About this object The contested Presidential election brought Senators, and the electoral certificates under investigation, into the House Chamber.
In the modern era, very rarely have electors voted for someone other than for whom they pledged. Though still rare, electors more commonly changed their vote in the 19th century—particularly on the vote for Vice President.
There has been one faithless elector in each of the following elections: A blank ballot was cast in Inseven electors broke with their state on the presidential ballot and six did so on the vice presidential ballot.
Procedure Since the midth century, on January 6 at 1: He passes the votes to four tellers—two from the House and two from the Senate—who announce the results.
House tellers include one Representative from each party and are appointed by the Speaker. At the end of the count, the Vice President then declares the name of the next President.
The date of the count was changed in,and Sitting Vice Presidents John C.
BreckinridgeRichard NixonHubert Humphreyand Al Gore all announced that they had lost their own bid for the Presidency.
Objections Since3 U. During the Joint Session, Members of Congress may object to individual electoral votes or to state returns as a whole. An objection must be declared in writing and signed by at least one Representative and one Senator.
In the case of an objection, the Joint Session recesses and each chamber considers the objection separately in a session which cannot last more than two hours with each Member speaking for no more than five minutes.
After each house votes on whether or not to accept the objection, the Joint Session reconvenes and both chambers disclose their decisions.Electors in the electoral college meet in their states in December (following the November general election) to officially cast their ballots, then mail their votes to the vice president.
The Electoral College is not really a college at all. Instead, it is the important and often controversial process by which the United States selects the President of the United States every four years.
The founding fathers created the Electoral College system as a compromise between having the president elected by Congress and having the . Elections in the United States are held for government officials at the federal, state, and local levels.
At the federal level, the nation's head of state, the President, is elected indirectly by the people of each state, through an Electoral College. In the Electoral College system, the States serve as the Centurial groups (though they are not, of course, based on wealth), and the number of votes per State is determined by the size of each State's Congressional delegation.
In spite of substantial public controversy, very little reliable data exists concerning the frequency with which non-citizen immigrants participate in United States elections. Identification. The name "America" is often used to refer to the United States, but until the political formation of the United States after the Revolutionary War, this designation referred to .