Russian culture food paper

Some scholars believe this to have been a Varangian Viking clan from Scandinavia, and others hold that it was a Slavic tribe. Some historians believe that "Rus" derives from an ancient name for the Volga River. People ethnically identified as Russians have been politically and culturally dominant in a vast area for five hundred years of tsarist and Soviet imperial expansion.

Russian culture food paper

Some scholars believe this to have been a Varangian Viking clan from Scandinavia, and others hold that it was a Slavic tribe. Some historians believe that "Rus" derives from an ancient name for the Volga River. People ethnically identified as Russians have been politically and culturally dominant in a vast area for five hundred years of tsarist and Soviet imperial expansion.

However, despite repression of their cultural autonomy, minority cultures have survived within the Russian Federation; including the peoples of the North Caucasus, numerous indigenous groups in Siberia, the Tatars in the Volga region, and the East Slavic Ukrainians and Belorusians.

The last three groups are widely dispersed throughout the federation. All but the youngest citizens share a Soviet cultural experience, since under Communist Party rule the state shaped and controlled daily life and social practice. Much of that experience is being rejected by Russians and non-Russians who are reclaiming or reinventing their ethnic or traditional pasts; many communities are asserting a specific local identity in terms of language and culture.

There is a broad cultural continuity throughout the federation and among the millions of Russians in the newly independent republics of Central Asia, the Russian culture food paper region, and the Caucasus.

It encompasses 6, square miles 17, square kilometersfrom its borders with Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine on the west to the Bering Strait in the far northeast and from its borders with Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China in the south to the Arctic Ocean in the north.

European Russia, the most densely populated, urbanized, and industrialized region, lies between the Ukraine-Belarus border and the Ural Mountains. Seventy-eight percent of the population lives in this area. Two large industrial cities are located above the Arctic Circle: Murmansk on the Kola Peninsula and Norilsk in Siberia.

The great plains are divided by six ecological bands. In the northeast, above the Arctic Circle, lies a huge expanse of frigid, occasionally marshy tundra, a nearly unpopulated region where much of the land is permanently frozen and little grows but moss and shrubs.

Below that is the taiga, a vast expanse of coniferous forest, which gradually blends with a band of mixed coniferous and deciduous forest to cover half the country. The capital, Moscow, is in the center of this region, where much agriculture has been located despite the thin, poor soil.

Below that, the relatively arid steppe, with grasslands and semidesert and desert regions, runs along the northern edge of the Caucasus Mountains and north of the Caspian Sea beyond the Volga River basin into Central Asia. The climate of much of European Russia is continental, with long, cold winters and short, hot summers.

In the northern areas, winter days are dark and long; in the summer, the days are long and the sun barely sets. With the exception of the black earth belt, Russia has fairly poor soil, a short growing season, low precipitation, and large arid steppe regions unfit for agriculture except with extensive irrigation.

These factors limit agricultural production and account for the frequency of crop failures; what is produced requires substantial labor. The Russia huge forests provide for foraging, hunting, and logging.

Many great rivers transect the country, such as the Dvina, Don, Oka, and Volga in the European heartland and the Ob, Yenisei, and Lena in Siberia; most of these rivers are linked by subsidiary waterways.

Russian culture food paper

Until the advent of railways and roads, the rivers were the only efficient way to travel, and they remain a significant form of transport for people and materials.

Limited access to year-round seaports has always been a military and commercial problem. A lack of natural borders has meant vulnerability to invasion, a danger offset by the size of the country and its harsh, long winters.

These environmental factors have affected the demographic profile and shaped cultural, social, and political institutions, influencing colonizing projects, settlement patterns, household configurations, village politics, agricultural systems, and military technologies.

Equally important is the ability of rural and urban dwellers to survive challenging conditions of land, climate, and politics. Tens of millions of families depend on food they grow for themselves.

In Julythe population was estimated at ,, a decline of more than two million since the end of the Soviet Union in The current figure includes several million immigrants and refugees from newly independent former Soviet republics.

Sincea stark drop in the birthrate has combined with a dramatic rise in the mortality rate. Average life expectancy for both men and women has declined since the s. This population decline is expected to worsen in the next decade. It is largely the result of the economic and social upheavals of the postsocialist period, which have impoverished the population and caused a decay of social services.

Growing unemployment, long-term nonpayment of wages and pensions, paid wages that are below the poverty line, unsafe working and road conditions, the spread of infectious diseases, and the impoverishment of public health care systems have caused stress, depression, family breakdown, and rising rates of alcoholism, suicide, homicide, and domestic violence.

Circulatory diseases, accidents, and suicides attributable to alcohol abuse are the leading causes of death among men. Malnutrition, disease, industrial pollution, poor health care, and reliance on abortion for birth control have reduced fertility rates and increased maternal and infant mortality.

InRussians accounted for 81 percent of the population and were the dominant ethnic group in all but a few regions. Other major ethnic nationalities are Tatars 4 percentUkrainians 3 percentChuvash 1 percentBashkir 1 percentBelarussian 1 percentand Mordovians 1 percent. Dozens of other ethnic nationalities make up the remaining 8 percent.

There has been a significant rate of intermarriage between ethnic populations.This scannable list of Russian culture facts will introduce you to traditions, holidays, life in Russia, history, language, and more!

Russian Culture Facts for Heritage and Traditions. Share Pin Email Search go Destinations United States; Russian Food and Drink. Russian culture has a long history. Diverse regions and ethnic cultures of Russia offer many different food and souvenirs, and show a great variety of traditions, like Russian banya, Tatar Sabantuy, or Siberian shamanist rituals.

Cultural tourism. In this paper, we are going to evaluate factors that are influencing our food habits and food culture. Those factors can be divided into two main categories, internal factors (individual preference and values) and external factors (geographical, religion, social, economic and political).

Russian food includes a variety of dishes from various areas and traditions, so it’s impossible to run out of new dishes to try in Russia.

Russian culture food paper

Both meat-lovers and vegetarians will find plenty of dishes to satisfy any craving, plus many dishes that can be made both with or without meat.

Russian people like to eat home-cooked food, and rarely buy prepared meals at supermarkets. Usually Russians eat three times a day and prefer potatoes, which are eaten almost daily. The three meals of the day in Russia are zavtrak, obed and uzhin.

Mother Russia: The Feminine Myth in Russian Culture, Humphrey, Caroline. Marx Went Away—But Karl Stayed Behind, updated edition of Karl Marx Collective: Economy, Society and Religion in a Siberian Collective Farm,

Culture of Russia - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family