It should come as no surprise that there are a significant number of Chinese people, living in the world. The nation itself is replete with citizens and many people choose to move abroad and immigrate so that their children can have a different life than they would experience in China itself.
Gold Rush[ edit ] The Chinese first appeared in large numbers in the Colony of Vancouver Island in as part of the huge migration to that colony from California during the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush in the newly declared Mainland. Although the first wave arrived in May from California, news of the gold rush eventually attracted many Chinese from China.
Many Chinese remained in the province's Interior and North long after the gold rushes. Some towns such as Stanley were predominantly Chinese for many years, while in the Fraser Canyon and even more remote areas such as the Omineca, Chinese miners stayed on to mine claims in wilderness areas.
In the goldfields, Chinese mining techniques and knowledge turned out to be better than those of other miners.
They employed hydraulic techniques, such as the use of " rockers ", and a technique whereby blankets were used to filter alluvial sand and then burned, resulting in the gold melting into lumps in the fire.
They continued hydraulic mining and farming, and owned the majority of land in the Fraser and Thompson canyons for many years afterwards.
At Barkerville, in the Cariboo, more than half the town's population was estimated to be Chinese, and several other towns, including Richfield, Stanley, Van Winkle, Quesnellemouthe modern QuesnelAntler, and Quesnelle Forks, had significant Chinatowns.
There was no shortage of successful Chinese miners.
Lillooet's Chinatown lasted until the s. When British Columbia agreed to join Confederation inone of its conditions was that the Dominion government build a railway linking B. British Columbia politicians and their electorate agitated for an immigration program from the British Isles to provide this railway labour, but Canada's first Prime MinisterSir John A.
Macdonaldinsisted the project cut costs by employing Chinese workers to build the railway. He told Parliament in InAndrew Onderdonkan American who was one of the main construction contractors in British Columbia for Canadian Pacific Railway, originally recruited Chinese labourers from California.
When most of these deserted the railway workings for the more lucrative goldfields, Onderdonk and his agents signed several agreements with Chinese contractors in China's Guangdong province, Taiwan and also via Chinese companies in Victoria.
Onderdonk also recruited over 7, Chinese railway workers from California. These two groups of workers were the main force for the building of Onderdonk's seven per cent of the railway's mileage. As was the case with non-Chinese workers,[ citation needed ] some of them fell ill during construction or died while planting explosives or in other construction accidents,[ citation needed ] but many deserted[ citation needed ] the rail workings for the province's various goldfields.
Chinese railway workers were hired for miles of the Canadian Pacific Railway considered to be among the more difficult segments of the projected railway, notably the area that goes through the Fraser Canyon.
As with railway workers on other parts of the line in the Prairies and northern Ontario, most of the Chinese workers lived in tents.
Such tents were typical of working-class accommodations on the frontier for all immigrant workers although non-Chinese foremen, shift bosses and trained railwaymen recruited from the UK were housed in sleeping cars and railway-built houses in Yale and the other railway towns.
Chinese railway workers also established transient Chinatowns along the rail line, with housing at the largest consisting of log-houses half dug into the ground, which was a common housing style for natives as well as other frontier settlers, because of the insulating effect of the ground in an area of extreme temperatures.
The Chinese that entered Canada before had to register with the local authorities and could leave Canada only for two years or less.Chinese Immigration Today.
Since , Canada has welcomed Chinese immigrants with open arms. In fact, today China is the second largest source country for new immigrants.
Between and , over , Chinese nationals became permanent residents in Canada. This is fully ten per cent of total immigration to Canada during this time period. Chinese Canadians are one of the largest ethnic groups in the country.
Despite their importance to the Canadian economy, including the historic construction of the CPR, many European Canadians were hostile to Chinese immigration, and a prohibitive head tax restricted immigration from to From to , the Chinese were excluded altogether from immigrating to Canada.
After the legislation failed to deter Chinese immigration to Canada, the government of Canada passed The Chinese Immigration Act, to increase the tax to $, and The Chinese Immigration Act, further increased the landing fees to $, equivalent to $ in Chinese immigrants in Canada – and In , the immigrant population comprised % of Canada’s population, so one in five people were immigrants.
The number of immigrants from China grew % from , in to , in , making Chinese the second largest foreign-born group in . Feb 20, · The immigration of Chinese into Canada is presenting an interesting mix of cultures and fusions of customs within the nation of Canada as the Chinese who are arriving, begin to settle into Canada and make their own lives within the nation’s borders.
Most Chinese immigrants to Canada in the last half of the 19th century came from one small area near the southern port of Guangzhou, in China's Guangdong province. Of eight rural districts in that region, four had rich soil. In the other four districts, only 10 percent of the land was usable for growing food crops.